06/04: RCR Barcelona Library

The term ‘contextual’ can be used in a number of ways to describe a piece of architecture. Material choice, scale, type of program, essentially any shared aspect between two buildings becomes the frame with which they are compared. During a study abroad semester in Barcelona I had to look at a public library designed by RCR Arquitectes from Catalonia, looking specifically at how it was situated in context. It strikes a contrast with its surrounding by almost any measure. Rhythm, color, material, fenestration, all work to differentiate the library from the apartments on either side. Given the courtyard layout of the block, this contrast continues to the interior of the block. My initial reaction was negative, colored by personal experience in a high school which was a poorly executed Mies van der Rohe copy. This experience put me off to black galvanized steel modernism. What this example, this library has, which cannot come through in photographs, is a reward for repeat visitation. I visited the building a number of times, and on each occasion picked up on new details such as the creased ribbons adding a delicate touch to the courtyard. Sometimes the best way to respect context is to provide contrast.

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